There are two types of Pelton Turbine:
1- Horizontal Axis
2- Vertical Axis
50 - 1300 m
0,5 - 35 MW
Water tangentially flows towards orbit of the runner. The motion of the runner is realized upon rotation of a range of spoon - shaped scoops located against the violent stream of water orientated from the jet pipes above the edges of Pelton Turbine runner. When the water jet hit the scoops on the runner, a pressure builds up on the scoops and while falling to the other side of the scoops making u - turn, the speed of the water decreases. This action is defined to be transfer of momentum impact of water to the runner.